A comprehensive review of difficult airway management strategies for patient safety

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Difficult airway management is critical to ensuring patient safety. It involves addressing the challenges and failures that can occur, even with skilled healthcare providers, during face mask ventilation, intubation, supraglottic airway placement, invasive airway procedures, or extubation. Although the incidence of the most critical situation in airway management, “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate,” is low at 0.0019–0.04%, its occurrence can have severe consequences, including dental injury, airway injury, hypoxic brain damage, and even death. This study aimed to offer healthcare providers a comprehensive and evidence-based approach for difficult airway management by reviewing recent guidelines and incorporating the latest evidence-based practices to improve their preparedness and competence in difficult airway management, and thus ultimately contribute to improved patient safety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-339
Number of pages9
JournalAnesthesia and Pain Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2023


  • Airway management
  • Airway obstruction
  • Cricothyroidotomy
  • Face mask ventilation
  • Intubation
  • Supraglottic airway
  • Ventilation


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