## Abstract

A second-order sigma-delta modulator with a 3-bit internal quantizer featuring a gain scaling of an internal ADO and a very simple internal DAC has been designed and implemented in a 0.8/(in double-poly double-metal CMOS process. \Ve improved the performance of the modulator with the gain scaling of a 3-bit internal ADC and design of the internal errorfree DAC with using simple logic gates. The specification of each component is determined for the modulator to have 14-bit resolution by time based modeling and the designed components satisfy the required specifications. The peak SNR of 87 dB and dynamic range of 87 dB were achieved at a clock rate of 2.816 MHz for 22 kHz baseband. The measured results show that the fabricated modulator lower SNR by 14 dB than that of the simulation due to the non-ideal input source and the disregarded error factors in the modeling such as the voltage variable capacitors etc.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1192-1198 |

Number of pages | 7 |

Journal | IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences |

Volume | E83-A |

Issue number | 6 |

State | Published - 2000 |

## Keywords

- Analog-to-digital conversion
- Gain scaling
- Sigma-delta modulator