A tailored reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification for sensitive and specific detection of serotype A foot-and-mouth disease virus circulating in pool 1 region countries

Da Rae Lim, Hye Ryung Kim, Min Ji Park, Ha Gyeong Chae, Bok Kyung Ku, Jin Ju Nah, Soyoon Ryoo, Sung Hwan Wee, Choi Kyu Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rapid and accurate diagnosis of foot-and-mouth disease viruses (FMDV) is essential for the prompt control of FMD outbreaks. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) are used for routine FMDV diagnosis as World Organisation for Animal Health-recommended diagnostic assays. However, these PCR-based assays require sophisticated equipment, specialized labour, and complicated procedures for the detection of amplified products, making them unsuitable for under-equipped laboratories in developing countries. In this study, to overcome these shortcomings, a simple, rapid, and cost-effective reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for the sensitive and specific detection of serotype A FMDV circulating in the pool 1 region. The amplification could be completed in 40 min at 62°C, and the results could be visually detected by the naked eye without any additional detection systems. The assay specifically amplified the VP1 gene of the Sea-97 genotype of serotype A FMDV, but it did not amplify other viral nucleic acids. The limit of detection of the assay was 102 TCID50/ml, which is 10 times more sensitive than RT-PCR and is comparable to the sensitivity of qRT-PCR. Evaluation of the assay using different FMDV strain serotypes showed 100% agreement with the results of RT-PCR. Surprisingly, the previously reported RT-LAMP assay did not detect all eight tested strains of serotype A FMDVs, due to multiple mismatches between primer and template sequences, demonstrating that it is not suitable for detecting serotype A FMDVs circulating in pool 1-region countries. Conversely, the newly developed RT-LAMP assay using improved primers can rapidly and accurately diagnose the genotype of Sea-97 strains of serotype A FMDVs from the pool 1 region. The established RT-LAMP assay in this study is a simple, rapid, specific, sensitive, and cost-effective tool for the detection of serotype A FMDV in the resource-limited pool 1-region countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1898-1908
Number of pages11
JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
Volume65
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • RT-LAMP
  • foot-and-mouth disease virus
  • serotype A

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A tailored reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification for sensitive and specific detection of serotype A foot-and-mouth disease virus circulating in pool 1 region countries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this