Active Galactic Nuclei with Ultrafast Outflows Monitoring Project: The Broad-line Region of Mrk 79 as a Disk Wind

Kai Xing Lu, Jin Ming Bai, Zhi Xiang Zhang, Pu Du, Chen Hu, Minjin Kim, Jian Min Wang, Luis C. Ho, Yan Rong Li, Wei Hao Bian, Ye Fei Yuan, Ming Xiao, Hai Cheng Feng, Jian Guo Wang, Liang Xu, Xu Ding, Xiao Guang Yu, Yu Xin Xin, Kai Ye, Chuan Jun WangBao Li Lun, Ju Jia Zhang, Xi Liang Zhang, Kai Fan Ji, Yu Feng Fan, Liang Chang

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We developed a spectroscopic monitoring project to investigate the kinematics of the broad-line region (BLR) in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with ultrafast outflows (UFOs). Mrk 79 is a radio-quiet AGN with UFOs and warm absorbers and has been monitored by three reverberation mapping (RM) campaigns, but its BLR kinematics are not yet understood. In this paper, we report the results from a new RM campaign of Mrk 79, which was undertaken with the Lijiang 2.4 m telescope. Mrk 79 appears to come out the faint state, with the mean flux approximately a magnitude fainter than the historical record. We successfully measured the lags of the broad emission lines including Hβ λ4861, Hγ λ4340, He ii λ4686, and He i λ5876 with respect to the varying AGN continuum. Based on the broad Hβ λ4861 line, we measured a black hole mass of M • = 5.13 +1.57 -1.55 × 107 Mo, and an estimated accretion rate of Ṁ • = (0.05 ± 0.02), LEdd c-2, indicating that Mrk 79 is a sub-Eddington accretor. We found that Mrk 79 deviates from the canonical Radius-Luminosity relationship. The marginal blueshift of the broad He ii λ4686 line detected from the rms spectrum indicates outflow of high-ionization gas. The velocity-resolved lag profiles of the broad Hγ λ4340, Hβ λ4861, and He i λ5876 lines show similar signatures such that the largest lag occurs in the red wing of the lines and then the lag decreases to both sides. These signatures may suggest that the BLR of Keplerian motion probably exists as outflow gas motion. All findings including UFOs, warm absorbers, and the kinematics of high- and low-ionization BLR, may provide indirect evidence that the BLR of Mrk 79 probably originates from a disk wind.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 20 Dec 2019


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