Application of Fuzzy TOPSIS to flood hazard mapping for levee failure

Tae Hyung Kim, Byunghyun Kim, Kun Yeun Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


This paper proposes a new approach to consider the uncertainties for constructing flood hazard maps for levee failure. The flood depth, velocity, and arrival time were estimated by the 2-Dimensional model and were considered as flood indices for flood hazard mapping. Each flood index predicted from the 2-D flood analysis based on several scenarios was fuzzified to reflect the uncertainties of the indices. The fuzzified flood indices were integrated using the Fuzzy TOPSIS (Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution), resulting in a single graded flood hazard map. This methodology was applied to the Gam river in South Korea and confirmed that the Fuzzy MCDM (Multiple Criteria Decision Making) technique can be used to produce flood hazard maps. The flood hazard map produced in this study compared with the current flood hazard map of MOLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transports). This study found that the proposed methodology was more advantageous than the current methods with regard to the accuracy and grading of the flood areas, as well as in regard to an integrated single map. This report is expected to be expand upon other floods, including dam failure and urban flooding.

Original languageEnglish
Article number592
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019


  • 1-D and 2-D analyses
  • Flood hazard map
  • Fuzzy TOPSIS method
  • Levee failure


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