Applications of CRISPR/Cas9 as New Strategies for Short Breeding to Drought Gene in Rice

Jae Ryoung Park, Eun Gyeong Kim, Yoon Hee Jang, Rahmatullah Jan, Muhammad Farooq, Mohammad Ubaidillah, Kyung Min Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent unpredictable climate change is the main reason for the decline in rice yield. In particular, drought stress is a major constraint in reducing yield and quality for rice at rainfed agriculture areas, such as Asia and South America. CRISPR/Cas9 provides an effective solution for gene function study and molecular breeding due to specific editing of targeted genome sequences. In addition, CRISPR/Cas9 application can significantly reduce the time required to develop new cultivars with improved traits compared to conventional complex and time-consuming breeding. Here, drought-induced gene Oryza sativa Senescence-associated protein (OsSAP) was edited by CRISPR/Cas9. To investigate the possible role of OsSAP in drought stress, genome-editing plants were subjected to drought stress until the soil moisture content reached 20%, and the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging efficiency of genome-editing plants were decreased. When the genome-editing plants were subjected to drought stress, survival rate, shoot length, root length, content of chlorophyll number of tiller, and 1,000-grain weight decreased, and more H2O2 and O2 were detected in leaves. In addition, expression levels of several critical stress-related transcription factors were decreased in the OsSAP genome-editing plant. These results suggest that OsSAP function as a positive regulator during drought stress response in rice. We analyzed the expression of OsSAP and Cas9 in T0 and T1 plants as well as T2 seeds. As the course of generation advancement progressed, Cas9 expression remained stable or weakened but the OsSAP expression was continuously removed from the T0 plant. The coefficient of variation (CV) in both T1 plants and T2 seeds was lower than 5%. Overall, our results suggest that CRISPR/Cas9 could be a novel and important tool for efficiently generating specific and inheritable targeted genome editing in rice, with short breeding cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number850441
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • abiotic stress
  • agricultural trait
  • generation
  • OsSAP
  • reactive oxygen species

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Applications of CRISPR/Cas9 as New Strategies for Short Breeding to Drought Gene in Rice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this