Bending strain-induced changes in perpendicular magnetic properties of Pt/Co/Pt films on flexible substrates

Jeongjun Kim, Joonghoe Dho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We studied the irreversible changes in the perpendicular magnetic properties of Pt(2.2 nm)/Co(0.8 nm)/Pt(2.2 nm) films deposited on a flexible polyethylene terephthalate substrate with bending deformation. The changes in the magnetic properties of the Pt/Co/Pt film with deformation were analyzed using magneto-optical Kerr-effect microscopy. The film was bent in one direction using cylindrical rods or semicylindrical grooves of different radii and then restored to the initial flat state. No significant changes in the magnetic properties due to bending strain were observed below a critical bending curvature. However, for bending curvatures above +0.25 mm−1 or below −0.14 mm−1, the magnetic domain shape changed from circular to elongated ellipses, perpendicular to the bending direction, and the coercivity of the film increased by 10%-30%. Furthermore, the domain wall motion exhibited a distinct anisotropic behavior, with ∼12-fold difference in the velocity of domain wall motion in different directions. Conclusively, the magnetic properties of the Pt/Co/Pt film fabricated on a flexible substrate exhibited irreversible changes beyond a critical deformation of +2.44% or −1.37%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102401
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume124
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Mar 2024

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