Correlation between insertion torque and peri-implant bone strain during placement of orthodontic mini-implants: A finite element study

Bui Quang Hung, Wonjae Yu, Hyo Sang Park, Hee Moon Kyung, Mihee Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Insertion torque is the amount of torque exerted on the implant to tighten into the bone. We investigated whether insertion torque values could be correlated with the strain level in the peri-implant cortical bone resulting from mini-implant insertion. Methods: The insertion of a standard size mini-implant (φ 1.4 mm × 7 mm) into maxillary alveolar bone was simulated using the finite element method. A total of 3600 calculation steps were employed to numerically reproduce the mini-implant insertion process and analyze the insertion torque and strain distribution in bone. Special attention was given to the relationship between insertion torque values and strain level in the cortical bone at the final tightening. The strain level was quantified using the following 3 strain parameters: (1) average insertion strain, (2) peak insertion strain recorded near the mini-implant thread tips, and (3) the size of the damage zone in the cortical bone. Correlations between the insertion torque values and these 3 parameters were analyzed using linear regression. Results: Direct proportionality and strong correlation were found between the insertion torque values and each of the 3 strain parameters: average insertion strain (r2 = 0.91), peak insertion strain (r2 = 0.91), and the size of damage zone (r2 = 0.90) in the peri-implant cortical bone. Conclusions: The results of this finite element method study demonstrated that insertion torque could serve as a reliable indicator of the strain level in the peri-implant cortical bone resulting from mini-implant insertion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-254
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume161
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

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