Effects of Polymeric Stabilizers on the Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles

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Abstract

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) stabilized with sodium alginate (SA), glycol chitosan (GC), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and polyethyleneimine (PEI) were synthesized in aqueous solutions at room temperature. Different sizes and size distributions of AuNPs were obtained according to the polymeric stabilizers. The mean particle diameters of AuNPs synthesized with GC and PVA as stabilizers were about 5.1 and 5.3nm, respectively, while those of AuNPs stabilized with SA and PEI were 8.4 and 10.8nm, respectively. When SA was used, relatively large particles aggregated to form large clusters. In the case of GC, a number of small particles built up large clusters. When PVA was used, the size and the number of nanoparticles were estimated small with a low weight content of Au. For this reason, the PVA-stabilized AuNPs formed clusters with a small hydrodynamic size. The AuNPs synthesized in the aqueous solution of PEI without a reducing agent, sodium borohydride, were uniform in size and formed the smallest nanoclusters (67.4nm). In this case, the highest Au content was obtained. Sufficiently grown nanoparticles with a high Au content and a limited hydrodynamic size are considered to be suitable for a variety of applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-111
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Glycol chitosan
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Polyethyleneimine
  • Polyvinyl alcohol
  • Sodium alginate

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