Effects of professional toothbrushing among patients with gingivitis

Mi kyoung Noh, Eun Kyong Kim, Joon Sakong, Eun Young Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the biological and clinical effect of professional toothbrushing on the periodontal health of patients with gingivitis. Methods: We enrolled 21 university students with gingivitis in Jinju City in this study between April 24 and October 28, 2014. A dental hygienist performed a professional toothbrushing routine on the participants twice, once at baseline and after 3 months. Oral examinations were performed at baseline, 3, and 6 months to assess the periodontal health. The patient hygiene performance index, gingival bleeding rate, periodontal pocket depth, amount of gingival sulcus fluid, and number of bacterial colonies in the gingival sulcus (CFU/mL) were evaluated during the oral examination. Results: The patient hygiene performance index, gingival bleeding rate, pocket depth, amount of gingival sulcus fluid, and CFU/mL within the gingival sulcus significantly decreased after professional toothbrushing (p < 0.05), indicating an improvement in the periodontal health. The patient hygiene performance index, gingival bleeding rate, pocket depth, amount of gingival sulcus fluid, and CFU/mL within the gingival sulcus decreased more among those whose pocket depth was 4–5 mm than among those whose PD was ≤3 mm (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Professional toothbrushing improved the periodontal health in patients with gingivitis in respect of both biological and clinical results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-617
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Dental Hygiene
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • gingivitis
  • periodontal pocket
  • professional
  • toothbrushing

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