## Abstract

The accuracy of the capacity spectrum method (CSM) depends on the precise estimation of equivalent period and damping ratio as well as the modification of the demand spectrum. In this paper, the CSM provided in ATC-40 for estimating the peak inelastic responses is evaluated. First, the effect of equivalent period and damping ratio estimation on the accuracy of the CSM is assessed. Analyses results indicate that the difference between estimation methods is large when the structural nonlinearity is large, but becomes negligible as the hardening ratio increases. Next, the reduction factors provided in ATC-40 and Eurocode are evaluated. It is found that the acceleration responses obtained using the factor of Eurocode is closer to the actual ones than those obtained using the factors of ATC-40. Finally, the demand spectrum is constructed using the peak absolute acceleration and pseudo-acceleration. The results obtained using the peak absolute acceleration is found to be generally larger than those obtained using the pseudoones. Since the original CSM generally underestimates the response, the use of peak absolute acceleration in the construction of demand spectrum produces the response relatively closer to the exact one. However, the use of peak absolute acceleration over-estimates the response more when the original CSM overestimates the response.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 695-718 |

Number of pages | 24 |

Journal | Journal of Earthquake Engineering |

Volume | 9 |

Issue number | 5 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 2005 |

## Keywords

- Capacity spectrum method
- Demand spectrum
- Equivalent damping ratio
- Equivalent period
- Inelastic response