Evidence of formation of tightly bound rare-earth clusters in chalcogenide glasses and their evolution with glass composition

T. H. Lee, S. I. Simdyankin, L. Su, S. R. Elliott

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present spectroscopic evidence for the formation of tightly bound Nd3+ clusters in chalcogenide glasses in which Nd3+ ions are so close that no appreciable fluorescence is observed. According to a theoretical calculation using the rate-equation modeling and comparison with experimental results, this type of cluster contributes as the main source of energy transfer among Nd3+ ions in Ga-free glasses, resulting in the strong fluorescence quenching. It is proposed that the total volume of such Nd3+ clusters sharply decreases with Ga doping, while the spatial distance among Nd3+ ions in clusters remains close enough for there to be no detectable fluorescence from these clustered Nd3+ ions. Such clusters are then completely dissolved in glasses once a critical Ga concentration is reached.

Original languageEnglish
Article number180202
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume79
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2009

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