Feasibility of rapid piperine quantification in whole and black pepper using near infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics

Jong Rak Park, Hyun Hee Kang, Jong Ku Cho, Kwang Deog Moon, Young Jun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Abstract: Piperine is a bioactive alkaloid that possesses various health benefits and is responsible for the pungent aroma of pepper. Piperine content in whole and ground black pepper (n = 132) was analyzed by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in the 950 to 1650 nm wavelength window. Chemometric modeling using partial least square regression was performed, and outliers were checked and removed during the preparation of the calibration curve by considering sample residual variance and sample leverage. Model accuracy was evaluated with a low root-mean-square error of cross-validation (RMSECV) and a high ratio performance to deviation (RPD). The optimal model had a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.726, RMSECV of 0.289 g/100 g, and RPD of 1.744 for the whole black pepper. The results of R2, RMSECV, and RPD for the ground black pepper were 0.850, 0.231 g/100 g, and 2.424, respectively. Therefore, based on the perspective of onsite process, the proposed NIRS method can be employed for selecting abnormal samples during the inspection of black pepper raw material and for quantifying piperine contents of final black pepper product. Practical Application: Generally, the quality indicators of black pepper are graded solely based on their external appearance, quality, and size. This study discloses the development of a near-infrared spectroscopy-based fast and accurate nondestructive analytical method for the detection of piperine, a bioactive constituent of pepper, as a tool for the quality control of whole and ground black pepper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3094-3101
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Food Science
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • black pepper
  • NIR spectroscopy
  • nondestructive analysis
  • piperine
  • quantification


Dive into the research topics of 'Feasibility of rapid piperine quantification in whole and black pepper using near infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this