Highly Efficient Moisture-Induced Power Generators through Flashlight-Induced Graphitization of FeCl3-Impregnated Cellulose Papers

Daewoong Kim, Jakyung Eun, Junhyuck Ahn, Changyong Yim, Sangmin Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have developed a method for fabricating and enhancing the performance of moisture-induced power generators (MPGs) through flashlight-induced graphitization. FeCl3-impregnated cellulose papers (FCPs) were photothermally converted to graphitized cellulose papers (GCPs) with a hierarchically porous structure by flashlight irradiation under ambient conditions. During the photothermal process, a portion of the Fe3+ ions was transformed into iron oxide compounds with limited solubility. When a bilayered cellulose paper (BCP), formed by stacking GCP on top of FCP, was exposed to moisture, a potential difference was generated between the collecting electrodes due to the concentration gradient of dissociated Fe3+ ions within the BCP, with a higher concentration in FCP and a lower concentration in GCP. The resulting migration of Fe3+ ions from FCP to GCP caused electron movement along the external circuit. Fe3+ ions were found to serve multiple roles, such as catalysts for graphitization, moisture absorbers, and charge carriers. The BCP-based MPG exhibited a continuous generation of voltage and current outputs, instead of pulsed outputs, with maximum values of 0.39 V for voltage and 28.6 μA/cm2 for current density at 45% relative humidity, representing the highest continuous current density value observed under ambient humidity conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5938-5943
Number of pages6
JournalACS Applied Electronic Materials
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • cellulose paper
  • FeCl concentration gradient
  • flashlight-induced graphitization
  • graphitized cellulose paper
  • moisture-induced power generator

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