Increased level of vascular endothelial growth factors by 4-hexylresorcinol is mediated by transforming growth factor-β1 and accelerates capillary regeneration in the burns in diabetic animals

Dae Won Kim, You Young Jo, Umberto Garagiola, Je Yong Choi, Yei Jin Kang, Ji Hyeon Oh, Seong Gon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

4-Hexyl resorcinol (4HR) is an organic compound and has been used in skin care application. 4HR is an M2-type macrophage activator and elevates vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression via the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-independent pathway. As endothelial cells are important in wound healing, the human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with 4HR, and changes in VEGF-A,-C, and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) expression were investigated. The administration of 4HR increased the expression level of VEGF-A,-C, and TGF-β1. The application of TGF-β1 protein also increased the expression level of VEGF-A and-C. Knockdown with small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting to TGF-β1 and the selective chemical inhibition (A83-01) to ALK5 confirmed the involvement of the TGF-β signaling pathway in the 4-HR-mediated VEGFs expression. 4HR application in a burn model of diabetic rats demonstrated an increased level of angiogenic proteins with wound healing. Compared to sericin application, the 4HR application group showed more prominent capillary regeneration. Collectively, 4HR activated TGF-β1/ALK5/VEGFs signaling in endothelial cells and induced vascular regeneration and remodeling for wound healing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3473
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 May 2020

Keywords

  • 4-hexylresorcinol
  • Angiogenesis
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • HUVEC
  • TGF-β1

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Increased level of vascular endothelial growth factors by 4-hexylresorcinol is mediated by transforming growth factor-β1 and accelerates capillary regeneration in the burns in diabetic animals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this