Is a Local Administration of Parathyroid Hormone Effective to Tendon-to-Bone Healing in a Rat Rotator Cuff Repair Model?

Jong Pil Yoon, Seok Won Chung, Jae Wook Jung, Yong Soo Lee, Kwang Il Kim, Ga Young Park, Hun Min Kim, Jin Hyun Choi

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24 Scopus citations


To evaluate the effect of local parathyroid hormone (PTH) administration on rotator cuff tendon-to-bone healing in a rat model compared with systemic PTH injection and untreated controls. PTH-alginate scaffold was prepared and sustained release of PTH was confirmed. Bilateral supraspinatus tendon repairs were performed in 39 rats (group 1, supraspinatus repair only; group 2, supraspinatus repair with systemic PTH injection; group 3, supraspinatus repair with local PTH administration via an absorbable scaffold; n = 13 each). Biomechanical (cross-sectional area, mode of failure, load to failure, and ultimate stress: right side) and histological analyses (hematoxylin and eosin stain, Masson's Trichrome stain Picrosirius red stain, Immunohistochemistry for BMP2, PTH1R, ColI, and ColIII: Left side) were performed to evaluate tendon-to-bone healing quality at 8 weeks after repair, and blood test (osteocalcin and procollagen type I N-terminal pro-peptide [PINP] levels) was performed in all rats. There was no intergroup difference in the healing failure rate (p = 0.910) or failure mode (p = 0.585). Biomechanically, subjects in groups 2 and 3 exhibited significantly larger cross-sectional areas and higher ultimate failure loads and ultimate stress than those in group 1 (all p < 0.05); however, no differences were noted between groups 2 and 3 (all p > 0.05). Histologically, groups 2 and 3 exhibited more organized tendon-to-bone interface structures with higher density, parallel orientation, and collagen fiber continuity than group 1 (all p < 0.05 except collagen fiber continuity in group 1 vs. 2); however, no differences in histological parameters between groups 2 and 3 (all p > 0.05). The protein levels of bone morphogenic protein 2, PTH 1 receptor, and collagen I and III and the serum level of PINP were increased in groups 2 and 3 versus group 1 (all p < 0.05) without showing differences between groups 2 and 3 (all p > 0.05). Local PTH administration using an absorbable scaffold improved the biomechanical and histological outcomes of rotator cuff tendon-to-bone healing comparable with systemic PTH injection at 8 weeks after repair in a rat model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-91
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • local administration
  • parathyroid hormone
  • rotator cuff
  • systemic injection
  • tendon-to-bone healing


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