Mechanical augmentation with absorbable alginate sheet enhances healing of the rotator cuff

Dong Hyun Kim, Seung Gi Min, Jong Pil Yoon, Ga Young Park, Jin Hyun Choi, Jae Wook Jung, Hyun Joo Lee, Hee June Kim, Seok Won Chung, Joon Yub Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

For anatomical restoration of a repaired rotator cuff, mechanical augmentation of the repaired structure is essential. Using histological and biomechanical evaluation in a rat model, the authors sought to determine the efficacy of an absorbable alginate sheet at the supraspinatus tendon-to-bone repair site for healing of the rotator cuff tear. Forty adult (12 weeks old) male Sprague-Dawley wild-type rats were used in this study. The animals were randomly separated into 2 groups: group 1, conventional supraspinatus repair with acute repair; or group 2, supraspinatus repair with absorbable alginate sheet. Biomechanical and histological analyses were performed at 6 and 12 weeks after index rotator cuff surgery. Compared with group 1, group 2 exhibited a significantly greater mean ultimate failure load (group 1, 23.70±3.87 N; group 2, 61.44±43.67 N; P=.023) and mean ultimate stress (group 1, 2.83±0.50 MPa; group 2, 7.36±2.87 MPa; P=.020). However, 6-week outcomes were not significantly different. On histological scoring, compared with group 1, group 2 exhibited a significantly greater mean 6-week score (group 1, 4.10±1.72 points; group 2, 7.80±1.47 points; P<.001) and mean 12-week score (group 1, 3.50±1.00 points; group 2, 5.25±2.62 points; P=.020). Mechanical augmentation with absorbable alginate may improve tendon healing after surgical repair of the rotator cuff.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e104-e110
JournalOrthopedics
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

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