Network SLO-aware container scheduling in Kubernetes

Eunsook Kim, Kyungwoon Lee, Chuck Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In clouds, various services run on respective containers and have service-level objectives (SLO) that significantly impact service qualities. However, Kubernetes, a widely used container orchestration platform, does not schedule containers with respect to the network SLOs. This paper proposes a new container scheduling technique consisting of a cloud-level and node-level scheduler. The cloud-level scheduler selects a node that is best suited for satisfying the network SLO, and the node-level scheduler adjusts the CPU allocation for the container to satisfy SLOs on the selected node. We implement the cloud-level scheduler in Kubernetes and the node-level scheduler in the Linux kernel module and evaluate them using simulation and actual deployment. The evaluation results show that the cloud-level scheduler reduces the scheduling overhead by 22× compared to DRF, a representative multi-resource scheduling technique. Also, the node-level scheduler increases the number of containers that satisfy SLOs by 2.5× compared to native Kubernetes, which will significantly enhance the service quality of user-facing services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11478-11494
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Supercomputing
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jul 2023


  • Container scheduling
  • Network performance
  • Service quality
  • Service-level objectives


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