Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) in Subsurface Environments: Occurrence, Fate, Transport, and Research Prospect

Xueyan Lyu, Feng Xiao, Chongyang Shen, Jingjing Chen, Chang Min Park, Yuanyuan Sun, Markus Flury, Dengjun Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), also known as “forever chemicals,” are manmade chemicals that have been increasingly detected in various geological settings since the early 2000s. The soil and subsurface environments are the geological media commonly affected by PFAS. We conducted a comprehensive review of peer-reviewed articles published from 2010 through 2022 concerning the fate and transport of PFAS in subsurface environments. This review is organized into different subsections, covering the basics of PFAS properties and how they affect the occurrence, fate, and transport of PFAS, the fundamental processes affecting subsurface transport and fate of PFAS, and mathematical models for describing and predicting PFAS transport behaviors. Mechanisms governing PFAS transport in the subsurface environment, including the sorption of PFAS at the air-water interface, solid-water interface, and nonaqueous phase liquids-water interface, were explored in detail. Challenges and future research priorities are identified to better mitigate the global challenges of PFAS contamination.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2021RG000765
JournalReviews of Geophysics
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • air-water interface
  • contamination
  • groundwater
  • modeling
  • remediation
  • retardation
  • soil
  • solid-water interface
  • sorption
  • transport
  • vadose zone

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