Percutaneous bridge plating of extra-articular distal fibular fracture for the management of distal tibia type III open fracture

Gu Hee Jung, Hoe Jeong Chung, Seung Hoon Baek, Hoon Sang Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study is to conduct clinical and radiographic evaluations of the use of percutaneous bridge plating for distal fibular fractures combined with distal tibia type III open fractures. Methods: Thirty-four patients with acute distal third fibular shaft fractures (4F2A(c) and 4F2B(c) according to the AO/OTA classification) combined with distal tibia type III open fractures were enrolled. Concurrent fibular fractures were fixed with the percutaneous bridge plating simultaneously, while distal tibia open fractures were temporally stabilized with a spanning external fixator. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were evaluated using the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), the proportional length difference of the fibula, the talocrural angle, the union rate of the fibula and tibia, the operation time, and complications at the final follow-up. Results: All fibular fractures healed with an average bone healing time of 20.7 ± 6.3 weeks (range, 16–35). The mean proportional length difference was 0.492 ± 0.732% compared with that in the uninjured fibula. The functional assessment result according to the LEFS was 74.0 ± 3.70 points (range, 57–80). No cases of fibula fracture infection developed throughout the follow-up period in any of the patients. Iatrogenic postoperative superficial peroneal nerve injury was not found in any of the patients. Conclusion: With the perspective of minimizing soft tissue problems due to high-energy trauma, the application of percutaneous bridge plating for the treatment of distal fibular fractures can be an alternative to conventional treatment methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-368
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Journal of Surgery
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Distal fibular fracture
  • Distal tibia open fracture
  • Percutaneous bridge plating
  • Simultaneous external fixation

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