Peroxisomal dysfunction in neurodegenerative diseases

Doo Sin Jo, Dong Hyung Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peroxisomes and their (patho-)physiological importance in heath and disease have attracted increasing interest during last few decades. Together with mitochondria, peroxisomes comprise key metabolic platforms for oxidation of various fatty acids and redox regulation. In addition, peroxisomes contribute to bile acid, cholesterol, and plasmalogen biosynthesis. The importance of functional peroxisomes for cellular metabolism is demonstrated by the marked brain and systemic organ abnormalities occuring in peroxisome biogenesis disorders and peroxisomal enzyme deficiencies. Current evidences indicate that peroxisomal function is declined with aging, with peroxisomal dysfunction being linked to early onset of multiple age-related diseases including neurodegenerative diseases. Herein, we review recent progress toward understanding the physiological roles and pathological implications of peroxisomal dysfunctions, focusing on neurodegenerative disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-406
Number of pages14
JournalArchives of Pharmacal Research
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2019

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Neurodegenerative disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Peroxisome

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