Platycodin D Blocks Breast Cancer-Induced Bone Destruction by Inhibiting Osteoclastogenesis and the Growth of Breast Cancer Cells

Sun Kyoung Lee, Kwang Kyun Park, Hyun Jeong Kim, Ki Rim Kim, Eun Ji Kang, Yu Li Kim, Heein Yoon, Yeong Shik Kim, Won Yoon Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Background: Metastatic breast cancer cells are frequently associated with osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, resulting in severe bone destruction and increased mortality in patients. Platycodin D (PD) isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum is a triterpenoid saponin with anti-cancer and anti-angiogenic potential. Methods: The in vivo activity was determined in mice with the intratibial injection of human metastatic breast cancer cells. Osteoclast formation and activity were detected using tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining and calcium phosphate-coated plates. The expression of osteoclastogenesis-inducing molecules was detected by RT-PCR and western blotting in RANKL-treated bone marrow macrophages (BMMs). Cell viability and DNA synthesis were measured with MTT and BrdU incorporation assays. The induction of apoptosis was estimated using TUNEL staining and a caspase-3 activity assay. Results: The oral administration of PD inhibited MDA-MB-231 cell-induced osteolysis in an intratibial mouse model. PD treatment blocked RANKL-induced osteoclast formation by inhibiting the expression and nuclear translocation of NFATc1 and c-Fos in BMMs and consequently reduced osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Furthermore, PD treatment induced apoptosis in osteoclasts and inhibited the growth of MDA-MB-231 cells. Conclusion: PD may block breast cancer-induced bone loss by suppressing the formation, activity, and survival of osteoclasts, as well as the growth of metastatic breast cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1809-1820
Number of pages12
JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - 25 Jul 2015


  • Bone destruction
  • Breast cancer
  • Osteoclastogenesis
  • Platycodin D


Dive into the research topics of 'Platycodin D Blocks Breast Cancer-Induced Bone Destruction by Inhibiting Osteoclastogenesis and the Growth of Breast Cancer Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this