Pressure pinched injection of nanolitre volumes in planar micro-analytical devices

Xiaoxia Bai, Hye Jin Lee, Joel S. Rossier, Frederic Reymond, Helwig Schafer, Michael Wossner, Hubert H. Girault

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


A new method for injecting and driving fluids by means of a multi-port injection valve and syringe pumps in a micro-channel network is described. A structure composed of two micro-channels arranged as a cross is connected with capillary tubes to an external multi-port injection valve. The fluid flows are driven by pressure and the multi-port valve controls the direction of the flow within the different sections of the structure. The first position of the multi-port valve allows the preparation of the loading of the sample, which is pinched in the cross section of the two micro-channels. The second position allows the precise injection of nL volumes. No dead volume exists between injection and separation modes. The system can be used to prepare a sample plug by pressure in order to perform chromatography with a broad range of buffered or non-buffered solutions. Thanks to the insensitivity to the ionic strength of the sample, this injection method is useful for the injection of complex biological samples in microchip analysis. In order to demonstrate the feasibility of the method, different solutions of ionic or fluorescent molecules were injected and detected in a photoablated planar polymer device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-49
Number of pages5
JournalLab on a Chip
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2002


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