Relationships among medication adherence, lifestyle modification, and health-related quality of life in patients with acute myocardial infarction: A cross-sectional study

Yu Mi Lee, Rock Bum Kim, Hey Jean Lee, Keonyeop Kim, Min Ho Shin, Hyeung Keun Park, Soon Ki Ahn, So Young Kim, Young Hoon Lee, Byoung Gwon Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Won Kyung Lee, Kun Sei Lee, Mi Ji Kim, Ki Soo Park

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70 Scopus citations


Background: The healthy adherer effect is a phenomenon in which patients who adhere to medical therapies tend to pursue health-seeking behaviors. Although the healthy adherer effect is supposed to affect health outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease, evaluation of its presence and extent is not easy. This study aimed to assess the relationship between medication adherence and lifestyle modifications and health-related quality of life among post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 417 post-AMI patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients were recruited from 11 university hospitals from December 2015 to March 2016 in South Korea. Details regarding socio-demographic factors, six health behaviors (low-salt intake, low-fat diet and/or weight-loss diet, regular exercise, stress reduction in daily life, drinking in moderation, and smoking cessation), medication adherence using the Modified Morisky Scale (MMS), and HRQoL using the Coronary Revascularization Outcome Questionnaire (CROQ) were surveyed in a one-on-one interview. Results: In the univariate logistic analysis, sex (female), age (≥70 years), MMS score (≥5), and CROQ score were associated with adherence to lifestyle modification. In the multiple logistic analysis, a high MMS score (≥5) was associated with adherence to lifestyle modification after adjusting for sex, age, marital status, education, and family income (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 11.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.5-91.3). After further adjusting for the CROQ score, the association between high MMS score and adherence to lifestyle modification was significant (adjusted OR = 11.5, 95% CI = 1.4-93.3). Conclusions: Adherence to medication was associated with adherence to lifestyle modification, suggesting the possible presence of the healthy adherer effect in post-AMI patients. After further adjusting for HRQoL, the association remained. To improve health outcome in post-AMI patients, early detection of patients with poor adherence to medication and lifestyle modification and motivational education programs to improve adherence are important. In addition, the healthy adherer effect should be considered in clinical research, in particular, in studies evaluating the effects of therapies on health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100
JournalHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Issue number1
StatePublished - 22 May 2018


  • Health behavior
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Healthy adherer effect
  • Lifestyle modification
  • Medication adherence
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Secondary prevention


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