Scrophularia buergeriana attenuates allergic inflammation by reducing NF-κB activation

Na Rae Shin, A. Yeong Lee, Jun Ho Song, Sungyu Yang, Inkyu Park, Je Oh Lim, Tae Yang Jung, Je Won Ko, Jong Choon Kim, Kyung Seob Lim, Min Young Lee, In Sik Shin, Joong Sun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Background: Scrophularia buergeriana Miq. (Scrophulariaceae) (SB) has been used as an oriental medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, such as neuritis and pharyngolaryngitis. Purpose: We explored the therapeutic effects of S. buergeriana ethanol extract (SBE) on airway inflammation in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthmatic mice and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Methods: Mice were intraperitoneally injected with OVA on days 0 and 14 to elevate the immune response. On days 21 to 23, the mice were challenged with OVA solution and SBE (20 and 40 mg/kg) was administered daily by oral gavage from days 18 to 23. RAW264.7 cells were pretreated with SBE 1 h before LPS stimulation. Results: SBE administration effectively suppressed inflammatory cell infiltration, the expression of interleukin (IL)-5, IL-13, and IL-17, immunoglobulin E, and airway hyperresponsiveness in an OVA-induced allergic asthma model. A reduction in histological alterations, including airway inflammation and mucus hypersecretion, was observed. These effects of SBE were accompanied by a decrease in matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) phosphorylation. These responses were observed in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. SBE treatment reduced the mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-6, and MMP-9, and NF-κB phosphorylation, in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Conclusion: Our results indicated that SBE effectively attenuated airway inflammation in an OVA-induced allergic asthma model. These properties of SBE were thought to be involved in the suppression of NF-κB phosphorylation, suggesting that the material has the potential to regulate the development of allergic asthma.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153159
StatePublished - Feb 2020


  • Allergic asthma
  • Matrix metalloproteinase-9
  • Nuclear factor kappa B
  • Pro-inflammatory cytokine
  • Scrophularia buergeriana


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