Traction Performance Evaluation of the Electric All-Wheel-Drive Tractor

Seung Yun Baek, Seung Min Baek, Hyeon Ho Jeon, Wan Soo Kim, Yeon Soo Kim, Tae Yong Sim, Kyu Hong Choi, Soon Jung Hong, Hyunggun Kim, Yong Joo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


This study aims to design, develop, and evaluate the traction performance of an electric all-wheel-drive (AWD) tractor based on the power transmission and electric systems. The power transmission system includes the electric motor, helical gear reducer, planetary gear reducer, and tires. The electric system consists of a battery pack and charging system. An engine-generator and charger are installed to supply electric energy in emergency situations. The load measurement system consists of analog (current) and digital (battery voltage and rotational speed of the electric motor) components using a controller area network (CAN) bus. A traction test of the electric AWD tractor was performed towing a test vehicle. The output torques of the tractor motors during the traction test were calculated using the current and torque curves provided by the motor manufacturer. The agricultural work performance is verified by comparing the torque and rpm (T–N) curve of the motor with the reduction ratio applied. The traction is calculated using torque and specifications of the wheel, and traction performance is evaluated using tractive efficiency (TE) and dynamic ratio (DR). The results suggest a direction for the improvement of the electric drive system in agricultural research by comparison with the conventional tractor through the analysis of the agricultural performance and traction performance of the electric AWD tractor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number785
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2022


  • Electric AWD tractor
  • Load measurement system
  • Traction performance
  • Traction test


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